Despite the absence of a signature this romantically seascape somewhere at the Neapolitan coast has all stylistic criteria to be attributed to the hand of German marine painter Friedrich Ch. Thöming ( 1802 Eckernfoerde - 1873 Naples).
Thöming came across C.W. Eckersberg, the most important painter of the Danish ´ golden Age ´ to marine painting. Under the influence of Claude Lorrain, he immersed in his paintings the Gulf of Naples in golden sunlight. His blue shades of the sea and the sky were also praised. In his meticulous painting, which forced him to work slowly in the studio, Thöming the artists of the older generation such as Philipp Hackert, Josef Rebel and Johann Christian Reinhart, whom he particularly revered, was much closer than the contemporaries J.C. Dahl and Carl Plates or the painters of the "School of Posilipo", which counted among the uncoverers of the open-air painting.
The desire to travel to Italy led him 1824 first to southern Germany, where he held himself in Nuremberg and Munich as a lithographer over water. In 1827, he met in Rome, but his real destiny was the Gulf of Naples, where he found the motifs for the rest of his life during the summer months, which he processed into paintings in his Roman studio in the winter. His most important sponsor was the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen, who gradually acquired six paintings from him.
In August 1828, Thöming visited Capri for the first time, where he also found a quarter in the legendary hotel Pagano. In 1829 he was accompanied by the painter August Kopisch, who is considered to be the explorer of the Blue Grotto. Thöming was one of the first to successfully market the motif of the Blue Grotto in small paintings. Thöming sold his paintings of Capri and the coasts between Sorrento and Amalfi to cash-rich and often prominent Italian travellers and sent exhibitions in Copenhagen, Hamburg, Munich, Berlin and Frankfurt. Among his companions were the poets Hans Christian Andersen and August Graf von Platen. The architect Gottfried Semper copied some pictures of Thömings to train his color sense.
1840 was Thöming again in Italy, where he was regarded as "Celebrität" among the painters and as a wealthy bachelor. 1844 he married an 18-year-old beach and proved to be a generous host and amiable Cicero with his wife in Rome and Naples. 1853 probably showed signs of paralysis as a result of a stroke, which soon made it impossible to work. Thöming, his wife and two children fell into bitter poverty. 1865 he is once again detectable at the hotel Pagano on Capri, then all sources will dry up. His widow survived him for many years, and she died in 1892, also in Naples.
Literature: In German: Thieme/Becker"General Artist Dictionary"(in the biographical info about his father), Leipzig, 1999; Ulrich Schulte-Wülwer “Friedrich Thöming - Ein Malerleben in Italien“( In: Nordelbingen - Beiträge zur Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte Schleswig-Holsteins), V. 67, 1998, S. 58-80;Friedrich Thöming. Ausstellungskatalog Museum Eckernförde 2002.Ulrich Schulte-Wülwer: Sehnsucht nach Arkadien - Schleswig-Holsteinische Künstler in Italien, Heide 2009, S. 183–197; on-line Wikipedia.
Technique: oil on canvas, original period gold-plated frame.
Measurements: unframed w 15 1/3" x h 12 3/8" (39 x 31,5 cm ), framed w 18 3/4" x h 15 3/8" ( 47,5 x 39 cm).
Condition : good original condition.