Despite the lack of signatures, these three miniature landscapes (oil on wood) have all the criteria to be attributed to Dutch landscape and marine painter Johannes Franciscus HOPPENBROUWERS (1819 - The Haque - 1866). He mainly made landscapes in a romantic style (also in small format on wood). He also wrote poems. Hoppenbrouwers was best known for his winter and summer landscapes, where he often left the figure upholstery to his friend Charles Rochussen, sometimes also to others such as David Bles and Salomon Verveer. He also made a number of small panoramic views, often with the mountainous Rhine bank as the subject.
Hoppenbrouwers exhibited regularly during the Living Masters Exhibition. He was the teacher of Louis Apol. In 1867 he died at the age of 47. His work is among others in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, the Gemeentemuseum The Hague, the Amsterdam Museum, the Teylers Museum in Haarlem. and the Boijmans Van Beuningen Museum in Rotterdam. The Metropolitan Museum in New York also has a winter landscape by Hoppenbrouwers in its collection.
Literature: E. Benezit " Dictionary of painters, sculptors, decorators and etchers"(in French), Paris, 1999; Thieme/Becker, Leipzig,1999.
Technique: each oil on wood. Original period wood frames with gilt bronze round matt.
Measurements: largest unframed w 4" x h 3 3/4" (10 x 8,5 cm), framed w 6 3/4" x h 5 5/8" (17 x 15 cm); two smaller of the same size: each unframed diameter 2 1/8" (6,5 cm), framed w 4 1/3" x h 4 5/8" (11 x 11,7 cm).
Condition: all 3 works are in good condition.